PHP代码审计入门-DVWA靶场暴力破解篇

PHP代码审计入门-DVWA靶场暴力破解篇

0x00  写在前面

从零学习php,最终目的实现代码审计入门,软件采用sublime text,环境使用phpstudy搭建,数据库是navicat,需要有基本的前端基础、简单的php+mysql后端基础、渗透知识和漏洞原理,文章跟随流沙前辈学习记录,看看曾经遥不可及的代码审计能不能慢慢啃下来。

本章为代码审计入门第五篇-DVWA靶场篇,对DVWA靶场漏洞进行代码审计。

0x01  暴力破解

暴力破解模块,注释写在代码里,尽量用详细的语言描述代码含义。

level-low

存在万能密码,可绕过用户名

low.php
<?php
if( isset( $_GET[ 'Login' ] ) ) {		//isset函数检测变量非空且设置
	// Get username
	$user = $_GET[ 'username' ];		//GET方式接收用户名
	// Get password
	$pass = $_GET[ 'password' ];		//GET方式接收密码
	$pass = md5( $pass );				//接收到的密码进行md5加密
	// Check the database
	$query  = "SELECT * FROM `users` WHERE user = '$user' AND password = '$pass';";
	//直接交互数据库,用户名存在万能密码
	/*var_dump($query);		//这里可以添加var_dump输出代码进行调式
	exit();*/
	$result = mysqli_query($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"],  $query ) or die( '<pre>' . ((is_object($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"])) ? mysqli_error($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"]) : (($___mysqli_res = mysqli_connect_error()) ? $___mysqli_res : false)) . '</pre>' );
	//直接将SQL语句的执行结果显示给客户端
	if( $result && mysqli_num_rows( $result ) == 1 ) {
		//mysqli_num_rows()接受一个结果对象作为参数,检索返回给定结果的行数。实践见下图
		// Get users details
		$row    = mysqli_fetch_assoc( $result );
		//取一行比对
		$avatar = $row["avatar"];
		// Login successful
		$html .= "<p>Welcome to the password protected area {$user}</p>";
		$html .= "<img src=\"{$avatar}\" />";
		//成功输出xxx调用图片
	}
	else {
		// Login failed
		$html .= "<pre><br />Username and/or password incorrect.</pre>";
	}
	((is_null($___mysqli_res = mysqli_close($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"]))) ? false : $___mysqli_res);
}
?>
//为什么可以爆破,因为没用作任何限制

数据库users表单是五行数据,使用mysqli_num_rows()返回总共的行数

PHP代码审计入门-DVWA靶场暴力破解篇

PHP代码审计入门-DVWA靶场暴力破解篇

 初级基本就这么多了

level-medium

 这里相较于low,最大的区别点在于使用mysqli_real_escape_string()函数进行转义以防止恶意注入,所以万能密码登陆用不了了。

PHP代码审计入门-DVWA靶场暴力破解篇

但有可能存在宽字节绕过,这与本身使用的php版本有关,可参考之前文章的第三十六关:

SQLI-labs靶场Less1-37详细学习记录(7400字总结)_身高两米不到的博客-CSDN博客

 

PHP代码审计入门-DVWA靶场暴力破解篇

level-high

high和之前相比最大的区别点在于token认证

high.php
<?php
if( isset( $_GET[ 'Login' ] ) ) {
	// Check Anti-CSRF token
	checkToken( $_REQUEST[ 'user_token' ], $_SESSION[ 'session_token' ], 'index.php' );
    //调用checkToken
	// Sanitise username input
	$user = $_GET[ 'username' ];
	$user = stripslashes( $user );        //删除反斜杠,防注入的
	$user = ((isset($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"]) && is_object($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"])) ? mysqli_real_escape_string($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"],  $user ) : ((trigger_error("[MySQLConverterToo] Fix the mysql_escape_string() call! This code does not work.", E_USER_ERROR)) ? "" : ""));
	// Sanitise password input
	$pass = $_GET[ 'password' ];
	$pass = stripslashes( $pass );
	$pass = ((isset($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"]) && is_object($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"])) ? mysqli_real_escape_string($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"],  $pass ) : ((trigger_error("[MySQLConverterToo] Fix the mysql_escape_string() call! This code does not work.", E_USER_ERROR)) ? "" : ""));
	$pass = md5( $pass );
	// Check database
	$query  = "SELECT * FROM `users` WHERE user = '$user' AND password = '$pass';";
	$result = mysqli_query($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"],  $query ) or die( '<pre>' . ((is_object($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"])) ? mysqli_error($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"]) : (($___mysqli_res = mysqli_connect_error()) ? $___mysqli_res : false)) . '</pre>' );
	if( $result && mysqli_num_rows( $result ) == 1 ) {
		// Get users details
		$row    = mysqli_fetch_assoc( $result );
		$avatar = $row["avatar"];
		// Login successful
		$html .= "<p>Welcome to the password protected area {$user}</p>";
		$html .= "<img src=\"{$avatar}\" />";
	}
	else {
		// Login failed
		sleep( rand( 0, 3 ) );
        //随机slep0-3秒
		$html .= "<pre><br />Username and/or password incorrect.</pre>";
	}
	((is_null($___mysqli_res = mysqli_close($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"]))) ? false : $___mysqli_res);
}
// Generate Anti-CSRF token
generateSessionToken();
?>

 跟进到checkToken方法,设置三个参数,如果user_token不等于session_token或者session_token为空,调用dvwaRedirect方法。

PHP代码审计入门-DVWA靶场暴力破解篇

跟进到dvwaRedirect,发现起到跳转作用

PHP代码审计入门-DVWA靶场暴力破解篇

 F12可以查看随机生成的token,token爆破绕过可以参考之前文章

PHP代码审计入门-DVWA靶场暴力破解篇

 level-impossiable

既然是impossibale,那以咱水平肯定绕不过去,直接看代码,代码对防注入方面使用了PDO预处理,对于爆破而言最狗的是设置次数。实际目标站点渗透可以死猜个用户名,然后弱密码隔断时间试试,至于hw还是早点溜了。

impossiable.php
<?php
if( isset( $_POST[ 'Login' ] ) && isset ($_POST['username']) && isset ($_POST['password']) ) {
	// Check Anti-CSRF token
	checkToken( $_REQUEST[ 'user_token' ], $_SESSION[ 'session_token' ], 'index.php' );
	// Sanitise username input
	$user = $_POST[ 'username' ];		//改成POST提交账号密码
	$user = stripslashes( $user );
	$user = ((isset($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"]) && is_object($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"])) ? mysqli_real_escape_string($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"],  $user ) : ((trigger_error("[MySQLConverterToo] Fix the mysql_escape_string() call! This code does not work.", E_USER_ERROR)) ? "" : ""));
	// Sanitise password input
	$pass = $_POST[ 'password' ];
	$pass = stripslashes( $pass );
	$pass = ((isset($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"]) && is_object($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"])) ? mysqli_real_escape_string($GLOBALS["___mysqli_ston"],  $pass ) : ((trigger_error("[MySQLConverterToo] Fix the mysql_escape_string() call! This code does not work.", E_USER_ERROR)) ? "" : ""));
	$pass = md5( $pass );
	//前面还是token,以及防注入的函数使用
	// Default values
	$total_failed_login = 3;			//登陆次数失败三次
	$lockout_time       = 15;			//等十五分钟
	$account_locked     = false;		//判断用户是否锁定
	// Check the database (Check user information)
	$data = $db->prepare( 'SELECT failed_login, last_login FROM users WHERE user = (:user) LIMIT 1;' );
	$data->bindParam( ':user', $user, PDO::PARAM_STR );
	//使用PDO
	$data->execute();
	$row = $data->fetch();
	// Check to see if the user has been locked out.
	if( ( $data->rowCount() == 1 ) && ( $row[ 'failed_login' ] >= $total_failed_login ) )  {
		// User locked out.  Note, using this method would allow for user enumeration!
		//$html .= "<pre><br />This account has been locked due to too many incorrect logins.</pre>";
		// Calculate when the user would be allowed to login again
		$last_login = strtotime( $row[ 'last_login' ] );
		$timeout    = $last_login + ($lockout_time * 60);
		$timenow    = time();
		/*
		print "The last login was: " . date ("h:i:s", $last_login) . "<br />";
		print "The timenow is: " . date ("h:i:s", $timenow) . "<br />";
		print "The timeout is: " . date ("h:i:s", $timeout) . "<br />";
		*/
		// Check to see if enough time has passed, if it hasn't locked the account
		if( $timenow < $timeout ) {
			$account_locked = true;
			// print "The account is locked<br />";
		}
	}
	// Check the database (if username matches the password)
	$data = $db->prepare( 'SELECT * FROM users WHERE user = (:user) AND password = (:password) LIMIT 1;' );
	$data->bindParam( ':user', $user, PDO::PARAM_STR);
	$data->bindParam( ':password', $pass, PDO::PARAM_STR );
	$data->execute();
	$row = $data->fetch();
	// If its a valid login...
	if( ( $data->rowCount() == 1 ) && ( $account_locked == false ) ) {
		// Get users details
		$avatar       = $row[ 'avatar' ];
		$failed_login = $row[ 'failed_login' ];
		$last_login   = $row[ 'last_login' ];
		// Login successful
		$html .= "<p>Welcome to the password protected area <em>{$user}</em></p>";
		$html .= "<img src=\"{$avatar}\" />";
		// Had the account been locked out since last login?
		if( $failed_login >= $total_failed_login ) {
			$html .= "<p><em>Warning</em>: Someone might of been brute forcing your account.</p>";
			$html .= "<p>Number of login attempts: <em>{$failed_login}</em>.<br />Last login attempt was at: <em>${last_login}</em>.</p>";
		}
		// Reset bad login count
		$data = $db->prepare( 'UPDATE users SET failed_login = "0" WHERE user = (:user) LIMIT 1;' );
		$data->bindParam( ':user', $user, PDO::PARAM_STR );
		$data->execute();
	} else {
		// Login failed
		sleep( rand( 2, 4 ) );
		// Give the user some feedback
		$html .= "<pre><br />Username and/or password incorrect.<br /><br/>Alternative, the account has been locked because of too many failed logins.<br />If this is the case, <em>please try again in {$lockout_time} minutes</em>.</pre>";
		// Update bad login count
		$data = $db->prepare( 'UPDATE users SET failed_login = (failed_login + 1) WHERE user = (:user) LIMIT 1;' );
		$data->bindParam( ':user', $user, PDO::PARAM_STR );
		$data->execute();
	}
	// Set the last login time
	$data = $db->prepare( 'UPDATE users SET last_login = now() WHERE user = (:user) LIMIT 1;' );
	$data->bindParam( ':user', $user, PDO::PARAM_STR );
	$data->execute();
}
// Generate Anti-CSRF token
generateSessionToken();
?>

PHP代码审计入门-DVWA靶场暴力破解篇

关于PDO预编译防注入原理推荐文章:

奇安信攻防社区-SQL注入&预编译

0x02  总结

工作一年多重回校园,以打工人身份又转变到学生,这段时间开始忙碌,没有办法,作业考试太多。。。

                       

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